盧文錦師父

台灣詠春之父

盧文錦1933年出生於香港,父是戰前香港皇仁書院畢業,任職於德商些那士洋行(音)總經理,娶佛山葉氏長女葉吉(即葉問長姊)。葉家的佛山大宅,位於福賢路號稱「桑園」,葉家大宅共有十男九女,都受到上代的福蔭,每丁都分配大房屋,故「桑園」內連綿十餘戶。陳華順自祖師梁贊技成後,租葉氏宗祠教詠春拳,故葉問得技參拜陳華順門下。

盧家在佛山是清同治年間封官,祖居是官舍,派有綠營兵勇駐守保護官舍,分別為門廳立有肅靜、迴避御賜高腳牌。但二次大戰時家宅全被破壞,盧家暫住葉問弟弟葉添大房屋。抗戰勝利後遷回香港,到1950年中國大陸易手,葉問來港,於飯店工會教授詠春拳,盧文錦才得與親舅學拳。

此時在工會學拳者也僅有大師兄梁相、二師兄駱耀、徐尚田、陳球、葉小弟(當時年僅13歲)招允等五、七人,飯店工會因大師兄理事長任期滿,葉問教拳地點轉九龍海壇街、利達街(李小龍入門學詠春之武館)李鄭屋村…等。盧師父在港時被葉問宗師鼓勵來台灣。

盧文錦師父在台灣進入石牌班第一分班,接受特殊軍事訓練,當時人們稱石牌班是「天子門生」,因為班主任是蔣經國先生,畢業後盧師父奉派國防部工作,1975年元月以少校官階退役,即創設拳館於內湖,當年即有法屬居留尼班周佩(音)以及馬達加斯加張思雄(音)專門來台跪拜入師門,這應該是台灣的國術界,第一位接受外國人士來台跪拜行禮的功夫大師

1990年因一場演講榮獲當時任保安警察第一總隊三線三星的總隊長呂育生博士賞識,特令擔任技訓隊教官,1992年在任命為維安特勤隊創隊教官,1993年呂總隊長榮生警專校長,盧師父隨任警專任教,為警察撰寫教材《警察應用搏擊術》(此書後來翻譯成英文售予美國,又再翻譯成俄文出版),並訓練學校教官。在此期間再奉國安局長殷宗文指示任教勤幹班搏擊術,也為調查局撰寫教材,並擔任調查局教官長達10年,與此同時,再為司法院法警,撰寫法警訓練教材,並任現場指導教官,至於警專的教務,自呂育生校長開始,歷經王安邦、鄭榮進、劉勤章、陳連禎等五位校長,歷18年之久,現仍偶然回校做若干特別指導。

至於傳承方面,其子盧國靜(Gorden Lu)已在美國東岸教拳十餘年,早期弟子也早已分別在美國大城市接下傳承棒子,各地專門來台拜學入盧文錦詠春門下行跪拜禮,有法國、紐西蘭、澳洲、美國、德國、匈牙利等等,他們也經發展傳承第三代。不完全統計,盧文錦詠春早已經遍及世界40餘個國家,包括西非、南非,北歐的挪威、瑞典、丹麥,甚至印度、以色列、摩洛哥、歐洲大陸的德國、瑞士、奧地利、比利時、斯洛維尼亞、法國和亞洲的日本、泰國、菲律賓、香港、澳門、印尼、越南及中國成為世界大熔爐。

Lo Man Kam was born in 1933 in Hong Kong. His father married the eldest daughter of the Foshan Yip (Ip) family, Yip Gat (elder sister of Yip Man).

The Yip family were wealthy aristocrats in Foshan, Guangdong, and lived on Fu Xian Road, at an estate called Mulberry Garden. The Yip family had 10 sons and 9 daughters. Because of their family’s status as aristocrats for multiple generations, every one of their sons received a big mansion. In the Mulberry garden were more than 10 Yip family mansions.

When Yip Man was around 13 years old, Chan Hua Shun, disciple of Leung Sheng, rented the Yip family ancestor hall to teach Wing Chun. This is how Yip Man became a disciple of Chan Hua Shun.

During the Qing dynasty in Guangdong, Foshen, members of the Lo (Lu) family were government officials, as were many of their ancestors in many generations. Thus, the Lo family lived in the housing provided to government officials which were guarded by the Green Standard Army. The lobby of this Lo family residence has pair of royal plaques bestowed by Emperor of the Qing dynasty.

During the two major wars in China (the First and Second Sino-Japanese Wars), everything was destroyed. Owing to this, Lo family members temporarily stayed with the younger brother of Yip Man, Yip Ten, in his large mansion in Mulberry Garden. After the war, the Lo family moved back to Hong Kong. Yip Man left Foshan for Hong Kong later, in 1949, after the Chinese Communist Party established the People’s Republic of China on the Chinese mainland.

After Yip Man moved back to Hong Kong, he taught Wing Chun in the office of the Kowloon Hotel Union. It was at that time that Sifu Lo Man Kam started to learn from his uncle Yip Man. When Lo first started to learn Wing Chun in Hong Kong, there were only 5-7 students of Yip Man, including senior disciple Leung sheung, Luk Yiu, Chu Shong-tin, Chan Kau, and little brother Yip (who was 13 years old at the time).

Leung Sheung was the chairman of the Hotel Union at the time, and when his term was up, he had no right to use the space anymore; therefore Yip Man had to find a new location at which to teach. He moved first to Kowloon Beach Street, then Castle Peak Road, then to Lee Tat Street (where Bruce Lee entered his lineage) and finally to Lee Chang House village.

Sifu Lo was encouraged by his uncle Yip Man to teach in Taiwan before he moved to Taiwan in the 60’s. When Sifu Lo first moved to Taiwan, he underwent special military training. After graduation, Sifu Lo was appointed to work at the Ministry of National Defense in Taiwan. In 1975, he retired as a Major, and open his Wing Chun Kung Fu school in Neihu, Taipei, Taiwan. Immediately after opening the school, he had student named Duby (from Reunion) and James (from Madagascar). These students could be the first foreign disciples that participated in the “ Bai Si Lai” (Ceremony for honor the Sifu and to be accepted as official disciple) in the Taiwan WuShu (martial art) community.

In 1990, due to a speech given by Sifu Lo, the Taiwan Special Police Force First Corps leader Dr. Lu, who recognized the value of Lo’s talent, appointed him to be a Taiwan Special Police Force instructor.

In 1992, when the Republic of China-Taiwan started its first SWAT team, Sifu Lo was appointed to be the first SWAT team head instructor.

In 1993, Dr. Lu from the Special Police Force got promoted to the principle of the Taiwan Police College. Sifu Lo then joined him at the Police College and continued teach and train future police officers and training instructors. Sifu Lo also helped the Police College by authoring the text book “Police Kung Fu”, which focuses on hand-to-hand combat techniques. This book has been translated to English and sold in the US and later translated to Russian as well.

At this time, director of Taiwan National Security Bureau had appointed Sifu Lo to teach Taiwan CIA hand-to-hand combat training, and also to write Bureau of Investigation teaching materials. Sifu Lo worked as training instructor for the Taiwan National Security Bureau 10 years. Sifu Lo also helped the Taiwan Judicial Yuan (Department) by authoring material for the Judicial police hand book and other training material, as well as serving as Taiwan Judicial Yuan training instructor.

Sifu Lo’s position at the Police College, beginning with the term of Principle Dr. Lu, and continuing through the term of 5 other principles, lasted 18 years. Every now and then, he is invited back to give special training lessons.

In terms of legacy of Wing Chun Kung Fu, Sifu Lo’s son Gorden Lu, has been teaching Wing Chun in East Coast of the United States for more then 10 years. Many of Sifu Lo’s earlier disciples also have schools teaching Wing Chun in many parts of the world. People from many parts of the world such as France, New Zealand, Australia, US and many other countries in Europe have also came all the way to Taiwan to enter the door of the Lo Man Kam Wing Chun Kung Fu family. Many of them have themselves become Sifu, and teach the 3rd generation. Lo Man Kam Wing Chun Kung Fu has students and schools more then 40 countries, thus one may consider the Lo Man Kam Wing Chun Kung Fu family as a melting pot of Wing Chun throughout the world.